September 2009, Volume 39 Number 9 , p 59 - 60
SPREAD BY INFECTED FOOD or water or fecal-oral contact, shigellosis is a highly contagious bacterial infection that causes diarrhea and, in severe cases, dysentery. Approximately 600,000 cases of shigellosis are reported each year worldwide (14,000 in the United States). Two-thirds of cases occur in children under age 10. 1,2
Shigellosis is the most common cause of diarrhea among travelers visiting developing countries. 3 Among several different kinds of Shigella bacteria, Shigella sonnei , also known as Group D Shigella , accounts for over two-thirds of shigellosis ...