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September 2009, Volume 39 Number 9 , p 59 - 60


  • Terri Rebmann RN, CIC, PhD


SPREAD BY INFECTED FOOD or water or fecal-oral contact, shigellosis is a highly contagious bacterial infection that causes diarrhea and, in severe cases, dysentery. Approximately 600,000 cases of shigellosis are reported each year worldwide (14,000 in the United States). Two-thirds of cases occur in children under age 10. 1,2

Shigellosis is the most common cause of diarrhea among travelers visiting developing countries. 3 Among several different kinds of Shigella bacteria, Shigella sonnei , also known as Group D Shigella , accounts for over two-thirds of shigellosis ...

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