October 2005, Volume 35 Number 10 , p 68 - 69
WEEKS, BRIDGET RN, CS, FNP, MS; FICORELLI, CARMEL T. RN, FNP, MS
BY AGE 60, half of all men in the United States have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This noncancerous proliferation of tissue in the prostate gland may interfere with men's normal urination and affect their activities of daily living. By knowing the signs and symptoms of BPH, encouraging men over age 40 to get regular checkups, and teaching them about the treatment options, you can help them improve their quality of life and prevent complications of BPH.
Back to basics
The prostate gland, a muscular part of the male reproductive system, is normally about the size and shape of a walnut, weighing about 20 grams. Located in front of the rectum and just below the bladder, it consists of five lobes that surround the urethra. It produces seminal fluid to nourish and transport semen.
By age 70, a man's prostate may weigh up to 200 grams. When enlargement of the prostate causes significant urethral ...