June 2004, Volume 34 Number 6 , p 33 - 33
© 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Volume 34(6) June 2004 p 33 Fast oral test gets FDA okay [Clinical Rounds: NEWS, UPDATE, RESEARCH: DIAGNOSING HIV]
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the first oral human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test that offers results in 20 minutes. To perform the test, a health care worker swipes a treated cotton swab along a person's gums, picking up cells that line the mouth. She then places the swab into a testing device. Reddish purple lines that appear in a window on the device signal infection.
The new test was developed by OraSure Technologies, Inc., which also makes the rapid blood test for HIV. Both tests are called OraQuick. The oral test is easier on patients and safer for health care workers, who don't run the risk of a needle-stick injury or blood exposure. Although the oral test is more than 99% ...