March 2004, Volume 34 Number 3 , p 75 - 75
© 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Volume 34(3) March 2004 p 75 … About polycystic kidney disease [MYTHS & FACTS]
MUNSON, BECKY LIEN RN
Becky Lien Munson is nursing supervisor at the Washington School for the Deaf in Vancouver, Wash. Selected references for this article are available on request.
MYTH: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is caused by kidney damage from acute or chronic illness .
FACT: Primarily a genetic disease, PKD has two forms: autosomal dominant, which affects 1 in 400 to 1,000 adults, and autosomal recessive, which affects 1 in 10,000 children and infants. In about 10% of patients with autosomal dominant PKD, the disorder is caused by a spontaneous mutation rather than an inherited genetic defect.
Polycystic kidney disease is characterized by multiple cysts that grow on the cortex, medulla, and distal tubules ...