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Health Care Management Review

December 2012, Volume 37 Number 4 , p 310 - 319


  • James R. Langabeer
  • Emery Yao


Practice Implications:These findings suggest potential for broader participation in strategic processes and the use of organizational development techniques that assess executive disposition and traits for recruitment processes, because CEO optimism influences hospital-level processes. Research implications include incorporating greater use of behavior and cognition constructs to better depict decision-making processes in complex organizations like hospitals.

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